Phase One: London and the West Midlands
The Government has deposited a hybrid Bill with Parliament for Phase One of HS2 between London and the West Midlands, which will secure the powers to construct and maintain Phase One.
The Bill is titled the ‘High Speed Rail (London - West Midlands) Bill’.
Following first reading of the Bill in Parliament in the afternoon on Monday 25 November 2013, the Bill, formal Environmental Statement and support documents have been made available online.
Visit our dedicated hybrid Bill section on this website for further details:
A Written Ministerial Statement (WMS) has been laid in Parliament for the hybrid Bill and can be viewed on the GOV.UK website at:
The Secretary of State for Transport said:
"HS2 is the most ambitious and important infrastructure project in the UK since we built the M25 30 years ago, and in 30 more it will be just as integral a part of the nation’s prosperity."
Read the full story on the GOV.UK website at:
What is a hybrid Bill?
Hybrid bills are so called because they combine features of both public and private Bills.
They are Government Bills which affect certain individuals and bodies in ways that do not affect everybody. Hybrid Bills have been used before to secure powers for national railway projects, such as HS1 and Crossrail, and given that it will be the largest infrastructure project in the country we believe it is appropriate to seek the powers for HS2 by means of a hybrid Bill.
The hybrid Bill will secure the powers to:
- build and maintain the first phase of HS2 and its associated works, including secure planning permission for the works;
- compulsorily acquire interests in the land required;
- affect or change rights of way, including the stopping-up or diversion of highways and waterways (permanently or temporarily);
- modify infrastructure belonging to statutory undertakers (e.g. utility companies);
- carry out work on listed buildings and demolish buildings in Conservation Areas; and
- carry out protective works to buildings and third-party infrastructure.
It will also make other necessary changes to existing legislation to facilitate construction and operation of the railway.
Further information about hybrid Bills can be found on the UK Parliament website at:
The Parliamentary process
On introduction in the House of Commons, the Bill will be given a First Reading. This is a formality, and no debate takes place. The principles of the Bill are debated at Second Reading and then a special Select Committee of Members of Parliament (MPs) is established.
The Select Committee is tasked with hearing objections (called ‘petitions’) against details of the scheme by those directly affected by its proposals, which are made following Second Reading. The Select Committee can recommend changes to the scheme based on petitioner concerns. More information on how to petition can be viewed on the UK Parliament website at:
A Public Bill Committee of MPs then reviews the Bill and may make further amendments, after which the Bill receives its Third Reading.
A similar process is followed in the House of Lords. The Bill returns to the Commons for consideration of amendments made in the Lords and following this receives Royal Assent, thus becoming an Act of Parliament.
This Act of Parliament would provide the powers to construct and maintain Phase One of HS2.
The stages of a Bill’s passage through Parliament can be viewed on the UK Parliament website at: